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The history of the United States flag goes back centuries, to the time of the revolution when American colonists sought to secede from the British Empire. However, for over 245 years the flag has undergone many changes as the nation has changed in geography and population. Since 1777, the official flag has been modified 26 times, with the latest version being used since 1959.

Each part of the flag has its own special meaning with current and historical references to the country. The thirteen equal red horizontal bands from top to bottom represent the original thirteen British colonies which rebelled against England. Additionally, the 50 stars represent the country’s 50 states, with new stars being added over time as new states were enacted.

“Old Glory” has become the symbol of American national pride and is a staple of government buildings, airports, schools, stadiums and various gatherings across the country.

Did Betsy Ross create the original flag?

For many years, seamstress Betsy Ross was believed to have sown the first official American flag after the Second Continental Congress passed the flag resolution in June 1777. Scholars and historians have determined that it is unlikely that Betsy Ross herself planted the first Union Flag. , according to National Geographic. However, Ross designed several flags for the Pennsylvania Navy during the revolution.

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President Wilson established Flag Day in June 1916.
(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

“Every historian who has looked into it has found no credible evidence that Betsy Ross made the first American flag, or helped design it, or even that there was a flag committee,” the reporter said. and historian Marc Leepson at National Geographic. “It could have existed, but there is no proof.”

The Continental Congress declared in its resolution that the first official flag would have thirteen stripes, alternately red and white and that “the union would be thirteen stars, white in a blue field representing a new constellation”.

Where is the original Betsy Ross flag?

Although Betsy Ross is unlikely to have created the first American flag, she has been an important figure in American flag making for decades. In May 1777, the Pennsylvania State Navy Board commissioned Ross to sew flags, and during her lifetime she was paid by the government to continue her work. General George Washington himself was also an early admirer of Ross’ flag design.

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Therefore, there is no original Betsy Ross flag, but a replica can be found at the Betsy Ross House in Philadelphia, according to the National Flag Foundation.

When is flag day?

More than a hundred years after the Second Continental Congress passed the Flag Resolution that gave rise to the modern Stars and Stripes, President Wilson commemorated the event by establishing Flag Day as a national holiday in 1916. The next Flag Day will take place on Wednesday, June 14, 2023.

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