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For two years, the world has been limited to houses. Everyday activities that couldn’t be handled without going outside came inside at the same time – from the office to groceries and schools. As the world accepts the new normal, News18 launches weekly lessons for schoolchildren, explaining key chapters with examples from events around the world. While we try to simplify your topics, a request to break down a topic may be tweeted @news18dotcom.

This year, India is commemorating Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav in honor of the 75th anniversary of the nation’s declaration of independence. To celebrate this year’s Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi even urged everyone to change their profile pictures on social media sites to tricolor and host “Har Ghar Tiranga” (tricolor in every home ), to commemorate this event.
The tricolor, or national flag, is extremely important when it comes to representing India.

However, few of us know our national flag. In this week’s lessons with News18, we’ll take you through the history of the Indian national flag.

Our national flag was first welcomed even before our independence. About 40 years before the country’s independence, the first Indian flag was raised. Bhikaiji Patel-Cama, an Indian feminist and nationalist who was one of the few women to lead the Indian liberation movement in the early 20th century, realized this.

The first version of the national flag

However, the flag we know now is not the first version of our national flag. In the past, there were several versions of our national flags, following which the tricolor was adopted.

The first version of the Indian flag appeared in 1904 when Sister Nivedita, more affectionately known as Bhagini Nivedita, a disciple of Swami Vivekananda designed a yellow and red flag with a ‘Vajra’ in the center and ‘Vande Mataram’ written in Bengali. in the center.

The first unofficial Indian flag was raised on August 7, 1906 at Kolkata’s Parsee Bagan (now Girish Park). This time the flag had three horizontal bands of green, yellow and red which were equally spaced. There were also eight white lotus flowers that were ajar on the upper green band. In the lower red half, the crescent moon and the sun represented Islam and Hinduism respectively. The words “Vande Matram” were written on the yellow center panel in the Devnagiri script.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak adopted a new flag in 1907 during the Home Rule Movement. This flag had red and green stripes. At top left, the Union Jack has been raised and seven stars have been created. A moon star has also formed in the upper right.

Over the next few years, many other versions of national flags were adopted, but few of these versions achieved consensus. However, Mahatma Gandhi proposed including a Chrakha, or spinning wheel, and a white stripe. Gandhi made the spinning wheel a famous representation of the struggle for national independence. This flag later served as the prototype for the modern tricolor.

In 1931, a historic change was made to the Indian national flag. The Habs of India were endorsed in a resolution passed at the Congress Committee meeting. In this tricolor, the color saffron was at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. There was a blue spinning wheel on a white stripe.

In 1947, the last iteration of the current tricolor was introduced. As a symbol on the central white stripe of the flag, the charkha was replaced by Ashoka’s Dharma chakra. It was approved by the Constituent Assembly and made the nation’s flag. Between August 15, 1947 and January 26, 1950, it served as both the national flag of the Dominion of India and the Republic of India.

Let’s test what we’ve learned so far –

For more on other subjects taught at the school, explained by News18, here is a list of other courses with News18: Election Chapter Queries | Sex versus gender | Cryptocurrencies | Economy & Banks | How To Become President Of India | Struggle after independence |

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